1. Do a good job in daily maintenance, which can keep the punch equipment in the technical state of two numbers, delay the deterioration process, find and eliminate the hidden trouble in time, so as to ensure the operation.Maintenance of Punch Press
“Four requirements” for using punch equipment:Maintenance of Punch Press
Tidiness: the tools, workpieces and accessories are placed neatly, the protective devices are complete, the lines and pipelines are complete, and there are no defective parts and cordless binding.
Cleaning: the inside and outside of the equipment shall be clean without oil scale, accumulation, bumps, oil, water and gas leakage, and the lubricating oil tank shall be cleaned on schedule.
Lubrication: timely refuel and change the oil, the oil pot, oil tanker and oil cup are complete, the linoleum and oil line are clean, the oil mark is eye-catching and the oil circuit is unblocked.
: implement the fixed person, fixed machine and shift system, and abide by the operating procedures and electrical appliances. Complete mechanical devices and accident prevention measures.Maintenance of Punch Press
4. Necessary tools and matters:Maintenance of Punch Press
4.1 necessary tools: screwdriver, white cloth, gloves, wrench, warning sign and megger.
4.2.1 for adjustment, maintenance, inspection and other operations, when the press is not running, the operations must be as follows:Maintenance of Punch Press
22.214.171.124 press the “emergency stop” button;Maintenance of Punch Press
126.96.36.199 press the motor stop button on the control box to stop the motor;
4.2.. 2.3 place the power selection switch in the off position, then pull out the key and hand it over to the person in charge of on-site maintenance breaing;Maintenance of Punch Press
188.8.131.52 open the door of the electrical box and put the main power switch in the off position;Maintenance of Punch Press
184.108.40.206 lock the external circuit breaker;Maintenance of Punch Press
220.127.116.11 close the stop valve of the air pipeline of the press, and then drain the residual air of the press;Maintenance of Punch Press
18.104.22.168 the operation box is hung with “warning: under inspection, no operation!” Warning signs.
5. Working procedures and steps:
5.1 daily inspection and maintenance:
5.1.1 before startup:Maintenance of Punch Press
22.214.171.124 check the oil pump of the lubrication system and turn on the oil pump to supply oil to each lubrication point
126.96.36.199 check whether the oil level in each oil level gauge reaches the central secant position;Maintenance of Punch Press
188.8.131.52 check whether the indicated value of each pressure gauge is within the given range;Maintenance of Punch Press
184.108.40.206 check the overload protection device. After ventilation, the pneumatic pump shall start working, reach the rated pressure within 5 minutes, and the pneumatic pump shall stop working;Maintenance of Punch Press
220.127.116.11 check the power indicator;
18.104.22.168 check the emergency stop button: the button can be self-locking when pressed and reset when turned 90 ° in the direction of the arrow;
22.214.171.124 check whether the clutch and brake solenoid valves fail.
5.1.2 when starting the main motor:
126.96.36.199 check the running state of the flywheel: from the back of the press, the flywheel should rotate clockwise, and the V-belt should not vibrate and slip.
188.8.131.52 check the operation of clutch and brake: when “inching”, check whether the “inching” and stop angle of crankshaft is too large;
184.108.40.206 check the single stroke: when the crank angle is 160 °, release the two hand operation button, the slider shall stop immediately. When the crank angle is 160 °, release the two hand button, and the slider shall stop at the top dead center.
220.127.116.11 check emergency stop: during movement. Press the “emergency stop” button, and the slider shall stop immediately. When the slider does not return to the top dead center in the operation other than “inching”, it cannot operate continuously or in a single operation. The change-over switch must be turned to the “inching” position, and the slider shall return to the top dead center with the “inching” specification.
18.104.22.168 check the lubrication of the sliding block guide rail surface: the guide rail surface shall be provided with lubricating grease.
5.1.3 during normal flushing operation:
22.214.171.124 check the clutch and brake: when stopping, the crankshaft should stop at the top dead center (the angle pointer is within – 10 ° – + 5 °);
126.96.36.199 check whether the pressure gauge and tachometer are within the specified range;
188.8.131.52 check the working energy: repeat the working operation for several times. When the load is full, the stroke times of the slider shall not slow down.
5.1.4 after normal flushing operation:
184.108.40.206 visually check whether all parts are clean;
220.127.116.11 visually check whether each screw is loose;
18.104.22.168 visually check whether the gas circuit and oil circuit system are leaking;
22.214.171.124 drain the water in the air storage tank
126.96.36.199 discharge the moisture from the air filter.
5.2 monthly inspection / maintenance:
5.2.1 do a good job in 4.2 to ensure the smooth progress of maintenance:
5.2.2 clean the air filter;
5.2.3 check and adjust the tension of the V-belt: apply 20n pressure on the center of the V-belt with your fingers, and it is appropriate to bend the belt about 16mm per meter, otherwise, readjust it after loosening four locking bolts;
5.2.4 check the cam controller: there shall be no excessive clearance between the cam plate and the shaft, intermittent contact, loose bolts and keys, and excessive wear between the roller and the shaft of the microswitch;
5.2.5 check the control relay: there shall be no poor contact, noise, jamming during movement, etc;
5.2.6 check the operation buttons and switches: avoid dust and oil stain, move flexibly, stably and locate reliably;
5.2.7 check the solenoid valve of clutch and brake: the coil shall be fastened to avoid moving;
5.2.8 after maintenance, clean up the garbage in the process of maintenance.
5.3 quarterly inspection / maintenance:
5.3.1 repeat the monthly inspection / maintenance in 5.2;
5.3.2 apply No. 00 lithium base grease to the electric slider adjusting chain;
5.3.3 replace the lubricating oil in the gearbox;
5.3.4 replace the lubricating oil at the connecting rod;
5.3.5 replace the lubricating oil at the connection;
5.3.6 check the reading of the instrument: the die mounting height, crankshaft angle indicator and pressure gauge should be correct;
5.3.7 check the electrical wiring: there shall be no broken and loose screws;
5.3.8 check the insulation resistance with a megger: during measurement, the wiring of the governor and all grounding wires must be disconnected, and the insulation resistance R ≥ 1m Ω;
5.3.9 check whether the protection device and various random signs are intact, otherwise contact the supplier’s maintenance department;
5.3.10 remove all maintenance accessories installed for maintenance and signs for maintenance;
5.3.11 when carefully checking and confirming that all protective devices are in proper operation state, start the machine for inspection;
5.3.12 after passing the acceptance, remove the garbage and waste in the process of maintenance.
5.4 annual inspection / maintenance
5.4.1 repeat the quarterly inspection / maintenance in 5.3;
5.4.2 replace the hydraulic oil of the machine tool in the overload protection oil chamber;
5.4.3 replace the rotating oil in the clutch and brake chamber;
5.4.4 replace the mechanical oil in the oil pool of the slider ball joint seat;
5.4.5 check the solenoid valve other than the clutch solenoid valve: clean, free of dust, dirt and ponding, and fasten properly;
5.4.6 check and adjust the comprehensive clearance, parallelism and verticality of the fuselage;
5.4.7 check and adjust the transmission parts;
5.4.8 check and adjust the clutch position;
5.4.9 check and adjust the brake;
5.4.10 check and adjust the balance cylinder;
5.4.11 check and clean the gas circuit, oil circuit and circuit;
5.4.12 remove all maintenance accessories and signs for maintenance;
5.4.13 when carefully checking and confirming that all protective devices are in proper operation state, start the machine for inspection;
5.4.14 after ensuring that the maintenance is qualified, clean the garbage left in the maintenance process.
Each shift must use manual oil pump to inject oil into connecting rod bush, left and right bearing sleeves and left and right guide rails at least 2-3 times.
2 each shift must inject oil into the big gear support, gear meshing surface, manipulator and ball head screw rod once.
3. The oil gun must be used to fill the clutch and engagement key at least twice a week.
4. The transmission shaft bearing must be checked and greased every month.
5 always check whether the connecting rod bush and the nuts at each connecting part are loose, and insist on a small sweep of the machine tool every day and a large sweep every week to keep the equipment clean.