Application Of Bearing Clearance Rate And Matching Instrument
Application Of Bearing Clearance Rate And Matching Instrument
2021年12月16日
Performance Change Of Lubricating Grease During Mixing
Performance Change Of Lubricating Grease During Mixing
2021年12月16日

Five Precautions In Bearing Operation

1. Mechanical damage

In severe cases, metal peeling occurs on the touch surface and there are large areas of messy scratches on fag bearings; Generally, mechanical damage of bearing means that the alloy surface of bearing bush presents groove marks at different levels. The main reason of bearing mechanical damage is that the bearing surface is difficult to form oil film or the oil film is severely damaged.

2. Bearing cavitation

The surface layer has plastic deformation and cold work hardening, and the sliding bearing is under the repeated effect of cylinder pressure impact load. Part of the deformation ability is lost, and gradually forms a pattern and expands. Then, with the falling of wear debris, the loaded surface layer forms a cavity. Usually, when the bearing bush is pitted, the pit first appears, and then the pit gradually expands and leads to the cracking of the alloy layer interface. The crack expands along the parallel direction of the interface until the falling stops. The primary reason for sliding bearing cavitation is that the cross section of layout elements such as oil groove and oil hole is suddenly changed, resulting in intense oil flow imbalance. INA Bearing in the vacuum area with oil flow imbalance forms bubbles, and then cavitation occurs due to bubble collapse due to pressure rise. Cavitation usually occurs in the high load area of the bearing, such as the lower bearing shell of the crankshaft main bearing.

Five Precautions In Bearing Operation
3. Fatigue pitting

Because the engine is overloaded, bearing fatigue and pitting refers to. The bearing operation is overheated and the bearing clearance is too large, which constitutes fatigue damage, fatigue pitting corrosion or fatigue falling in the middle of the bearing. This kind of damage is mostly caused by overload, too large bearing clearance, perhaps unclean smooth oil and foreign matters mixed in it. Therefore, attention should be paid to avoid bearing overload operation, and do not operate at too low or too high speed of NSK bearing; Adjust the engine to a stable state at idle speed; Ensure normal bearing clearance and avoid too high or too low engine speed; Check and adjust the operation of the cooling system to ensure that the operating temperature of the engine is suitable.

4. Bearing alloy corrosion

The chemical impurities (acid oxides, etc.) in the smooth oil oxidize the bearing alloy to form acidic substances. The corrosion area of the bearing alloy is usually the impure smooth oil. Cause the bearing alloy part to fall, forming irregular small cracks or pits. The main reasons for bearing alloy corrosion are improper selection of smooth oil, poor corrosion resistance of bearing materials, rough engine operation and high temperature.

5. Bearing melting

The component is at high temperature, and there is a small raised metal NTN bearing surface between the journal and the bearing pair. In case of lack of smoothness and poor cooling, the bearing alloy will be blackened or partially burned. This problem is often caused by too tight cooperation between journal and bearing; The lack of smooth oil pressure also simply burns the bearings.